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‘Who may she be? Has not the lady Aurelia adorned her

time: 2023-11-30 09:18:11laiyuan:toutiaovits: 347

[18] The character in my Corean copy is { .}, which must be a mistake for the { .} of the Chinese editions. Otherwise, the meaning would be "a small medusa."

‘Who may she be? Has not the lady Aurelia adorned her

[19] The reading here seems to me a great improvement on that of the Chinese editions, which means "Fire Limit." Buddha, it is said, { .} converted this demon, which Chinese character Beal rendered at first by "in one of his incarnations;" and in his revised version he has "himself." The difference between Fa-hien's usage of { .} and { .} throughout his narrative is quite marked. { .} always refers to the doings of Sakyamuni; { .}, "formerly," is often used of him and others in the sense of "in a former age or birth."

‘Who may she be? Has not the lady Aurelia adorned her

[20] See Hardy, M. B., p. 194:--"As a token of the giving over of the garden, the king poured water upon the hands of Buddha; and from this time it became one of the principal residences of the sage."

‘Who may she be? Has not the lady Aurelia adorned her

[21] This would seem to be absurd; but the writer evidently intended to convey the idea that there was something mysterious about the number of the topes.

[22] This seems to be the meaning. The bodies of the monks are all burned. Hardy's E. M., pp. 322-324.


Fa-hien stayed at the Dragon vihara till after the summer retreat,[1] and then, travelling to the south-east for seven yojanas, he arrived at the city of Kanyakubja,[2] lying along the Ganges.[3] There are two monasteries in it, the inmates of which are students of the hinayana. At a distance from the city of six or seven le, on the west, on the northern bank of the Ganges, is a place where Buddha preached the Law to his disciples. It has been handed down that his subjects of discourse were such as "The bitterness and vanity (of life) as impermanent and uncertain," and that "The body is as a bubble or foam on the water." At this spot a tope was erected, and still exists.

Having crossed the Ganges, and gone south for three yojanas, (the travellers) arrived at a village named A-le,[4] containing places where Buddha preached the Law, where he sat, and where he walked, at all of which topes have been built.

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